Semen (or Semyon) Frank

Semyon Frank

Photo: Peter Scorer

Semen Frank (1877–1950) – Another Marxist who was to embrace idealism and then spiritual philosophy, Frank largely shared the same experiences as Bulgakov, Struve, and Berdyaev until the 1922 expulsion.

When exiled in 1922 with The 160, Frank chose to stay in Berlin until the Nazi repressions against people of Jewish descent became intolerable, causing him to move first to France and then to England. He converted to Orthodoxy in 1912.

Read more about his biography in the beautiful interview his grandson, Peter Scorer, undertook with Voice of Russia radio.

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