Peter Struve

PeterStruvePeter Struve (1870-1944) – Economist and political thinker, Struve was largely responsible for introducing so-called “Legal” Marxism and may be considered the actual founder of the Russian Social Democratic Party (Marxists) from which both the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks originated.

Like Berdyaev and Bulgakov, Struve came to find Marxism insufficient and helped found the Constitutional Democratic Party (Kadets).

After the Russian Revolutions of 1917, Struve became involved in the Red Army activities opposing the Red Bolsheviks and left the country, thus he was not swept up in the expulsions of 1922.

He remained part of the Bratstvo until it dissolved, but had little involvement in the YMCA initiatives, outreach with other European intellectuals, and minimal interaction with his former colleagues.

His grandson is now editor-in-chief of the YMCA Press.

Pipes, Richard. Struve: Liberal on the Left, 1870 – 1905. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970 and Struve: Liberal on the Right, 1905-1944.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Frank, Semen L. Biografiia, P.B. Struve. New York: Chekhov Press, 1956.

Main Wikipedia Site:

RSDLP (Russian Social Deocratic Labour Party) Wikipedia entry:

Russian Presidential Library Entry on RSDLP

Kadets (Constitutional Democratic Party) Wikipedia entry:

Program of the Russian Constitutional Democratic (Kadet) Party, 1905

Whites & White Army Opposition to Bolsheviks after 1917 Wikipedia entry:

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