The Catalysts


Biographical Works on Russia’s Spiritual Philosophers

Learn more about the key characters in Revolution from Within or contribute your own references! Subscribe or check back frequently as this information will keep being updated.

The Brastvo Principals

  • Nikolai Berdyaev Николай Александрович Бердяев (1874-1948)
  • Sergei Bulgakov Сергей Николаевич Булгаков (1871-1944)
  • Peter Struve Пётр Бернга́рдович Стру́ве (1870-1944)
  • Semen Frank Семен Людвигович Франк (1877 – 1950)
  • Lev Shestov Лев Исаакович Шестов (866 – 1938)
  • Nikolai Lossky Николай Онуфриевич Лосский (1870 – 1965)
  • Georges Florovsky Георгий Васильевич Флоровский (1893 – 1979)

The YMCA and French Personalists

Organizations & Journals

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