Extended Bibliography of References

Selected Bibliography

A. Archives utilized for this book:

Affaires diverse concernent la Russie, Préfecture de Police, Paris V, Cartons 10.

Paul B. Anderson Papers, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 35 Boxes.

Helene Iswolsky Papers, Center for Eastern Christian, Studies Scranton University, Pennsylvania, 9 Boxes. (This repository also contains all issues of The Third Hour).

Gabriel Marcel Papers, Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris III, Cartons 60.

Emmanuel Mounier Diaries, “Entretiens” I-V, 1926-1933, photocopied from the Emmanuel Mounier Archive at Châtenay-Malabry, France (access given by Dr. John Hellman).

State Department Files, National Archives of the United States II, Washington, D.C., spools 861.48 and 861.404.

At the time I was researching my doctoral dissertation, I was unable to obtain access to one particular source of primary information—Nikolai Berdyaev’s papers—due to a mysterious sequence of events. The Rossiiskii Gosudarstvennyi Arkhiv Literatury i Iskusstva (RGALI) has maintained Berdyaev’s pre-expulsion materials throughout the Soviet regime. At some relatively recent date, it also received a considerable amount of material, especially letters, from his émigré years. These are collected in Fond 1496; op. 1; 1007 ed.khr.; 1870-e-1954 gg.

The addition seemed very strange since I had found proof that his papers had been deposited and sealed for 50 years in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris in 1959. (“To this she [Eugenie Rapp, Berdyaev’s surviving sister-in-law] replied that the material deposited now at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris was sealed in closed packages and was to remain so for 50 years after which it became the property of the Bibliothèque Nationale…” Tamara Klepinine letter to Donald Lowrie, 3 Feb. 1959, PBA Papers, Box 5: 1.) However, Berdyaev’s heir, Eugenie Rapp, had made copies of excerpts from his notebooks and correspondence, which she considered to be “neutral” enough to be accessed by students; she clearly stated that she did not want the bulk of his archival materials to be used by students, and this was why she had them placed in a sealed repository. The copies were supposed to be made available to students at the Berdyaev Foundation in Paris but, upon my arrival at Clamart in 1995, I was repeatedly informed that no such copies existed. Moreover, the Bibliothèque Nationale denied any knowledge of the sealed archive. Later, from a long-time employee at the B.N. (who shall remain nameless), I learned that the Berdyaev collection had been removed by the former director of the library during the 1960s, and had never been returned. Its current whereabouts is unknown.

From this, I assumed that the materials in RGALI were the missing copies made by Rapp. This was confirmed in 1996 by a colleague of mine, Iaroslav Leont’ev, who managed to obtain brief access to the collection. I was denied entry. The authorities stated this was because another scholar was working on the material. Leont’ev sent me a brief overview of some of the material, which corroborated much of the information I have presented herein regarding Berdyaev’s relationships with French intellectuals. Therefore, somehow the copied material was returned to Russia. As of 2014, the fate remains a mystery.

For archival materials on the emigration as a whole, a good starting point is Sergei P. Postnikov, Politika, ideologiia, byt i uchenye trudy russkoi emigratsii, 1918-1945: bibliografiia iz kataloga biblioteki R.Z.I. & Arkhiva (New York: Norman Ross Pub., 1993). For collections outside of Russia, see: Carol A. Leadenham, comp., Guide to the Collections in the Hoover Institution Archives Relating to Imperial Russia, the Russian Revolutions and Civil War, and the First Emigration (Stanford, CA.: Hoover Institution Press, 1986); Russia in the Twentieth Century—The Catalog of the Bakhmeteff Archive of Russian and East European History and Culture (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1987); Steven A. Grant and John H. Brown, The Russian Empire and the Soviet Union – A Guide to Manuscripts and Archival Materials in the United States (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1981); Janet M. Hartley, Guide to Documents and Manuscripts in the United Kingdom Relating to Russia and the Soviet Union (London, New York: Mansell Publishing, 1987).

B. Material on American Relief Initiatives in Russia and the YMCA:

Anderson, Paul B. No East or West: The Memoirs of Paul B. Anderson. Paris: YMCA Press, 1985.

Colton, Ethan T. Forty Years with Russians. New York: Associated Press, 1940.

Davis, Donald E and Eugene Trani, “The American YMCA and the Russian Revolution,” Slavic Review Vol. 33, No. 3, Sept., 1974.

Lowrie, Donald A. Saint Sergius in Paris: The Orthodox Theological Institute. London: S.P.C.K., 1954.

Matthew Lee Miller, The YMCA and Russian Culture: The Preservation and Expansion of Orthodox Christianity, 1900-1940. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2012.

C. Material on the Russian emigration as a whole:

Agurskii, Mikhail. Ideologiia natsional-bol’shevizma. Paris: YMCA Press, 1980.

Andreyev, Catherine. Vlasov and the Russian Liberation Movement—Soviet Reality and Empire Theories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Beyer, Thomas R., G. Kratz, and X. Werner. Russische Autoren und Verlage nach dem ersten Weltkriege. Berlin: Arno Spitz, 1987.

Beyssac, Michèle. La vie culturelle de l’émigration russe en France: Chronique (1920-1930). Paris: P.U.F., 1971.

Champcommunal, J. La condition des Russes à l’étranger et spécialement en France. Paris: Recueil Sirey, 1925.

Chelyshi, E. P., and D.M. Shakhovski, eds. Kul’turnoe nasledie rossiiskoi emigratsii, 1917-1940. 2 Vols. Moscow: Nacledie, 1994.

Delage, Jean. La Russie en exile. Paris: Librairie Delagrave, 1930.

Dvinov, B.L. Politics of the Russian Emigration. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1955.

Foster, Ludmilla Z. Bibliography of Russian Emigré Literature, 1918-1968. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1970.

Gorboff, Marina. La Russie Fantome: l’Émigration russe de 1920 à 1950. Paris: L’Age d’Homme, 1995.

Gousseff, Catherine, and Nicholas Saddier. “L’émigration Russe en France, 1920-1930.” Memoire de Maitresse d’Histoire. Department d’histoire des slaves, University of Paris, 1983.

Halperin, Charles. “Russia and the Steppe: George Vernadsky and Eurasianism.” Forschungen zur osteuropäische Geschichte. 36 (1985): 55-194.

Hardeman, Hilde. Coming to Terms with the Soviet Regime: The “Changing Signpost” Movement among Russian Émigrés in the Early 1920s. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1994.

Hassell, J.E. Russian refugees in France and the US between the World Wars. Philadelphia: Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 1991.

Hughes Feishman, L., and O. Raevskaya-Hughes, eds. Russkii Berlin, 1921-1923: po materialam arkhiva B.I. Nikolaevskogo v Guverovskom Institute. Paris: YMCA Press, 1983.

Huntington, W.C. The Homesick Million. Russia-out-of-Russia. Boston: Stratford, 1933.

Johnston, Robert. New Mecca, New Babylon: Paris and the Russian Exiles, 1920-1945. Kingston, Ont.: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1988.

Kellogg, Michael. The Russian Roots of Nazism: White Émigrés and the Making of National Socialism, 1917-1945 (New Studies in European History). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Kostikov, Viacheslav. Ne budem proklinat’ izgnan’e… Puti i sud’by russkoi emigratsii. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniia, 1994.

Kovalevsky, Pierre. Zarubezhnaia Rossiia. Paris: Librairie des cinq continents, 1971.

Ledré, Charles. Les émigrés russe en France: ce qu’ils font, ce qu’ils pensent. Paris: L’Illustration, 1930.

Ponfilly, Raymond de. Guide des Russes en France. Paris: Éditions Horay, 1990.

Prianishnikoff, L. Novopokolentsy. Silver Spring, Md.: Multilingual Typesetting, 1986.

Raeff, Marc. Russia Abroad: A Cultural History of the Russian Emigration, 1919-1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

—. “L’émigration et la cité nouvelle.” Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique 29.3-4 (1988): 543-552.

—. “Novyi Grad and Germany: A Chapter in the Intellectual History of the Russian Emigration of the 1930s.” Felder und vorfelder russicher Geschichte. Eds. I. Auerbach, A. Hillgruber, and G. Schramm. Freiburg; Breisgau: Rombach, 1985: 255-265.

—. “V pomoshch’ issledovaniiu zarubeshnoi rossii.” Novyi zhurnal 196 (1995): 348-358.

—. “Institutions of a Society in Exile: Russia Abroad 1919-1939.” Rossia/Russia 6 (1988): 95-117.

Riasanovsky, Nicholas. “The Emergence of Eurasianism.” California Slavic Studies 4 (1967): 39-72.

Rinelander, L. Hamilton. “Exiled Russian Scholars in Prague, the Kondiakov Seminar and Institute.” Canadian Slavonic Papers 16.3 (1974): 331-352.

Schlögel, Karl, ed. Der grosse exodus: die russiche Emigration und ihre Zentren 1917 bis 1941. Munich: C.H. Beck, 1994.

Shkarenkov, Leonid K. Agoniia beloi emigratsii. 2nd ed. Moscow: Mysl’, 1986.

Simpson, Sir John Hope. The Refugee Problem: Report of a Survey. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1939.

Sorokin, Pitirim Aleksandrovich. Leaves From a Russian Diary, and Thirty Years After. Boston: Beacon Press, 1950.

—. A Long Journey; The Autobiography of Pitirim A. Sorokin. New Haven, Conn.: College and University Press, 1963.

Stephan, John J. The Russian Fascists: Tragedy and Farce in Exile, 1925-45. New York: Harper & Row, 1978.

Stolypin, A. P. Na Sluzhbe Rossii. Frankfurt: Possev Verlag, 1986.

Wenzer, Kenneth Clarke. “The Transmigration of Anarchocommunism.” Diss. The Catholic University of America, Washington, 1985.

Williams, Robert C. Culture in Exile – Russian Emigres in Germany 1881-1941. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1972.

D. Russian Spiritual Philosophy and The 160

i) General Works

Pamiatniki religiozno-filosofskoi mysli novogo vremeni. St Petersburg: Aleteia, 1991.

“Religion and Literature (A Roundtable Discussion).” Russian Studies in Literature 29.2 (1993): 37-94.

“Religiia i politika v postkommunisticheskoi Rossii (Materialy `Kruglogo stola’).” Voprosy filosofii 7 (1992) 6-33.

Aizlewood, Robin. “The Return of the `Russian Idea’ in Publications, 1988-91.” Slavonic and East European Review 71.2 (1993): 490-499.

Arkhangelsky, Alexander. “In Memory of a Lost Chance The Cost of Unfreedom.” Russia Profile ( October 2007):http://russiaprofile.org.

—. People, Church and State in Modern Russia. London: Student Christian Movement Press, 1944.

Belyi, Andrei. Mezhdu dvukh revoliutsii. 2nd ed. Chicago: Russian Language Specialities, 1966.

—. Nachalo veka. 2nd ed. Moskva: Gos’. izd-vo Khodozh. lit-ry, 1966.

Berlin, Isaiah. Russian Thinkers. New York: The Viking Press, 1978.

Bird, Thomas E. The Ecumenical world of Orthodox civilization. The Hague: Mouton, 1974.

Chamberlin, Lindsey. Lenin‘s Private War: The Voyage of the Philosophy Steamer and the Exile of the Intelligentsia. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2007.

Chirovsky, Andriy. Pray for God’s Wisdom: The Mystical Sophiology of Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky. Chicago: Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky Institute of Christian Studies, 1992.

Darnay, Arsen. “The Ship of Philosophers,” Ghulf Genes. (November2012): http://arsendarnay.blogspot.com/2012/11/the-ship-of-philosophers.html.

Edie, James M., James P. Scanlan, and Mary-Barbara Zeldin, eds. Russian Philosophy. 3 Vols. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994.

Grier, Philip T. “George L. Kline’s Influence on the Study of Russian and Soviet Philosophy in the United States.” Philosophical Sovietology. Eds. H. Dahm, T. J. Blakeley, and G.L. Kline. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1988. 243-266.

Friedrich, Paul J. “Some Recent Works on Communism and Christianity.” Slavic Review 22.2 (1963): 321-328.

Gregory, Paul. “The Ship of Philosophers: How the Early USSR Dealt with Dissident Intellectuals.” The Independent Review, v. 13, n. 4, Spring 2009 pp. 485–492.

Heller, Michel. “Premier Avertissement: Un Coup de Fouet.” Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique 20.2 (1979): 131-172.

Hippius Z.N, and Bunakov, I.I., eds. Chto delat’ russkoi emigratsii? Paris: YMCA Press, 1930.

Iswolsky, Helen. Light before Dusk: A Russian Catholic in France, 1923-1941. Toronto: Longmans, Green & Co., 1942.

—. No Time to Grieve: An Autobiographical Journey. Philadelphia: The Winchell Company, 1985.

—. Soul of Russia. London: Sheed & Ward, 1944.

Kogan, L.A. “Vyslat’ za granitsu bezzhalostno’ (Novoe ob izgnanii dukhovnoi elity).” Voprosy Filosofii No. 9 (1993): 62-74.

Kolerov, Modest A. “The Brotherhood of St. Sophia: The `Landmarks People’ and the Eurasians (1921-1925).” Russian Studies in Philosophy 34.3 (Winter 1995-96): 26-61.

—. “Filosofskii zhurnal Mysl’, (1922).” Voprosy filosofii 8.1 (1995): 179-184.

—. “Novyi Vekhi: k istorii `vekhovskoi’ mifologii (1918-1944).” Voprosy filosofii 8.1 (1995): 144-166.

Koulomzin, Sophie. Many Worlds: A Russian Life. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1980.

Kornblatt, Judith Deutsch. Meeting of the Chosen Peoples; Judaism and the Russian Orthodox Renaissance. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1992.

Kornblatt, Judith Deutsch & Richard Gustafson, eds. Russian Religious Thought. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996.

Kuvakin, Valery A., ed. A History of Russian Philosophy from the Tenth through the Twentieth Centuries. Vol. 2. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1994.

Lenin, V.I. Collected Works. 45 Vols. Trans. Yuri Sdobnikov. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1970.

Leont’ev, Ia. V. “Likvidatsiia VSERPOMGOLa: Pis’ma E.D. Kuskovoi k V.N Figner 1921-1922.” Russkoe Proshloe 4 (1993): 330-342.

—. “Nezapechatlennyi trud: iz arkhiva V. N. Figner.” Zven’ia: Istorichesii al’manakh Vol. 2. Moscow-St. Petersburg: Atheneum Feniks (1992): 424-488.

Losskii, B.N. “Nasha sem’ia v poru likholet’ia 1914-1922,” Minuvshee: Istoricheskii al’manakh. Vol. 11. Moscow-St. Petersburg: Atheneum Feniks, 1992. 119-198.

Lossky, N.O. History of Russian Philosophy. New York: International University Press, 1951.

Lyubov, Tsarevskaya. “Russian necropolis.” Voice of Russia Radio, Nov. 10, 2011 voiceofrussia.com/radio_broadcast/2248959/60164565/‎

Maksimov, Iuri. “1922 god: Bol’sheviki, zapad i intelligentsiia (Vospominaniia ochevidtsa).” Diplomaticheskii Ezhegodnik. Moscow: Mezdunarodnye otnosheniia (1992): 385-405.

Marshall, Richard Jr., ed. Aspects of Religion in the Soviet Union, 1917-1967. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Massie, Suzanne. Land of the Firebird. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1980.

Obolenskii, A. P. Ukazatel’ avtorov predmetov, retsenzii k zhurnalu put’. New York: Transactions of the Association of Russian American Scholars in the USA, 1986.

Pascal, Pierre. Les grands courants de la pensée russe contemporaine. Paris: Librairie Fischbacher, 1971.

Pospielovsky, Dimitry V. The Russian Church Under the Soviet Regime, 1917-1982. 2 Vols. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1984.

—. Soviet Studies on the Church and the Believer’s Response to Atheism: A History of Soviet Atheism in Theory and Practice, and the Believer. Vol. 3. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1988.

—. Soviet Antireligious Campaigns and Persecutions. Vol. 2. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1988.

Razin, Alexander V., and Tatiana J. Sidorina, “The Philosophers’ Ship,” Philosophy Now Issue 31 (2001).

Reshchikova, V.A. “Vysylka iz RSFSR,” Minuvshee: Istoricheskii al’manakh. Vol. 11. Moscow-St. Petersburg: Atheneum Feniks, 1992. 199-210.

Romano, Carlin. “Marking 80th year since the Soviet purge In 1922 Lenin exiled more than 200 prominent critics, creating a rich, international diaspora of Russian intellectuals.” Philly.com-The Inquirer, Nov. 6, 2002.

Rosenthal, Bernice Glatzer, ed. Nietzsche in Russia. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.

Rosenthal, Bernice Glatzer, and Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak, eds. A Revolution of the Spirit: Crisis of Value in Russia, 1890-1924. New York: Fordham University Press, 1990.

Scanlan, James, ed. Russian Thought After Communism: The Recovery of a Philosophical Heritage. New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.

Serkov, A. “Rasgovor cherez ‘reshetku’. Perepiska M.A. Osorgina i A.S. Butkevicha.” Zven’ia: Istorichesii al’manakh. Vol. 2. Moscow-St. Petersburg: Atheneum Feniks (1992): 489-538.

Stroop, Christopher. “Providential Empire: Russia’s Religious Intelligentsia and the First World War.” Doctoral Thesis, Stanford University, May 2012.

Stroop, Christopher. “Nationalist War Commentary as Russian Religious Thought: The Religious Intelligentsia’s Politics of Providentialism.” The Russian Review, Jan. 2013.

Stroop, Christopher. “Christian Responses to the “Jewish Question” in Silver Age,” Conference paper given at the 44th Annual Convention of the Association for Slavic,East European and Eurasian Studies at the New Orleans Marriott on Nov. 17, 2012.

Tyrkova, Adriana. Na putiakh k svobode. New York: Chekhov Press, 1952.

Woihrlin, William F., ed and trans. Out of the Depths: A Collection of Articles on the Russian Revolution. Irvine, Calif.: Charles Schlacks Jr. Publisher, 1986.

Zernov, Nicholas. The Russian Religious Renaissance of the Twentieth Century. New York: Harper & Row Pub., 1963.

Zoltov, Jr., Andrei “Shipping Away a Generation of Intellectuals.” The St. Petersburg Times, Aug. 27, 2002.

  1. ii) Personages and Collectives

Nikolai Berdyaev

For a full bibliography of his works, please see: Klepinine, Tamara Bibliographie des oeuvres de Nicolai Berdiaeff. Paris: Institute d’études slaves, 1982.

Adiushkin, V.N. “The Social Philosophy of N. Berdiaev in Light of Perestroika.” Soviet Studies in Philosophy 30.4 (1992): 50-62.

Berdyaev, Nicolas. Dream and Reality: An Essay in Autobiography. trans. Katharine Lampert., New York: MacMillan, 1951.

Clarke, Oliver Fielding. Introduction to Berdyaev. London: Geoffrey Bles, 1950.

Lampert, Evgenii. Nicolas Berdyaev and the New Middle Ages. London: J. Clarke & Co., ltd., 1945.

Shestov, Léon. “Nicolas Berdiaeff: La gnose et la philosophie existentielle.” trans. B. de Schloezer. Revue philosophique 22 (1949): 2-23.

Spinka, Matthew. Nicolas Berdyaev, Captive of freedom. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1950.

Balasubramanian, R. The Personalistic Existentialism of Berdyaev. Madras: Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, University of Madras, 1970.

Cain, Lucienne Daniel‑Mayer. Berdiaev en Russie, précédé de la Russie est sortie des ombres. Paris: Gallimard, 1962.

Clement, Olivier. Nicolai Berdiaeff. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1991.

Davy, Marie‑Madeleine. Nicolas Berdiaev : l’homme du huitième jour. Paris: Flamarion, 1964.

Dmitrieva N.K., and A.P. Moiseeva. Nikolai Berdyaev: zhizn’ i tvorchestvo. Moskva: Vysshaia shkola, 1993.

Duval, Jean‑François. Flamboyante liberté : essai sur la philosophie de Nicolas Berdiaev, visionnaire et prophète de notre temps. Preface by M.‑M. Davy. St. Vincent sur Jabron: Editions Présence, 1992.

Ermichev, A. A., ed. “N.A. Berdiaev: pro et contra”, Series Russkii Put’. Vol. 1. St Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo Russkogo khristianskogo gumanitarnogo instituta, 1994.

Gagnebin, Laurent. Nicolas Berdiaeff, ou, De la destination créatrice de l’homme : essai sur sa pensée. Lausanne: L’Age d’homme, 1994.

Gaidenko, P.P. “Landmarks: An Unheard Warning.” Russian Studies in Philosophy 32.1 (1993) 34-51.

Gal’tseva, R.A. “Sub specie finis (Utopiia tvorchestva N.A. Berdiaeva.” Ocherki russkoi utopicheskoi mysli XX veka. Editor R.A. Gal’tseva. Moscow: Nauka, 1992. 10-76.

Harris, Shelini.. Berdiaev’s Concept of “Personality” as it Relates to his Understanding of Good and Evil, Ethics, and Politics. (n.p.) 1993.

Kolerov, M.A., and N.S. Plotnikov. “New Publications of the works of N.A. Berdiaev.” Soviet Studies in Philosophy 30.2 (1991): 70-90.

Lee, Sang Bae. Freedom as the Fundamental Motif of the Thought of Nicolas Berdyaev. (n.p.), 1992.

Lowrie, Donald Alexander. Rebellious Prophet; a life of Nicolai Berdyaev. New York: Harper, 1960.

Nucho, Fuad. Berdyaev‘s Philosophy: The Existential Paradox of Freedom and Necessity, a Critical Study. Introduction by Dr. Richard Kroner. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1966.

Poltoratskii, N. P. Berdiaev i Rossiia; filosofiia istorii Rossii u N. A. Berdiaeva. New York: Ob‑vo druzei russkoi kul’tury, 1967.

Redlikh, Roman. Filosofiia dukha N. A. Berdiaeva. Frankfurt, Main: Posev, 1972.

Segundo, Juan Luis. Berdiaeff: une réflexion chrétienne sur la personne. Paris: Aubier, 1963.

Slaatte, Howard Alexander. Time, existence, and destiny: Nicholas Berdyaev‘s philosophy of time. New York: P. Lang, c1989.

Stepanova, E.A. “Exhausted Marxism: An Examination of Marxist Doctrine in the Traditions of Russian Religious Philosophy.” Soviet Studies in Philosophy 29.4 (1991): 15-34.

Vadimov, Aleksandr. Zhizn’ Berdyaeva: Rossiia. Oakland, CA: Berkeley Slavic Specialities, 1993.

Vallon, Michel Alexander. An Apostle of Freedom: Life and Teachings of Nicolas Berdyaev. New York: Philosophical Library, 1960.

Wernham, James C. S. Two Russian thinkers: an essay in Berdyaev and Shestov. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1968.

Sergei Bulgakov

The full list of Bulgakov’s writings may be found in: Naumov, Kliment. Bibliographie des oeuvres de Serge Boulgakov. Paris: Institut d’études slaves, 1984.

Bulgakov, Sergei, N. Avtobiograficheskie zametki. 2nd ed. Paris: YMCA Press, 1991.

—. Sochinenia v dvukh tomakh. 2 Vols. Moscow: Nauka, 1993.

Evtuhov, Catherine. “Sergei Bulgakov: A Study in Modernism and Society in Russia, 1900-1918.” Diss. University of California at Berkeley, 1992.

Zander, Lev. Bog i mir. 2 Vols. Paris: YMCA Press, 1948.

Mikhail Gershenzon

Davies, Donald E. “Mikhail Gershenzon’s ‘Secret Voice’: the Making of a Cultural Nihilist.” Religious and Secular Forces in Late Tsarist Russia: Essays in Honor of Donald W. Treadgold. Ed. Charles Timberlake. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1992. 168-184.

Gershenzon, M.O. “Krizis Sovremennoi Kul’turii.” Minuvshee: istoricheskii al’manakh. Vol. 11. Moscow: Atheneum-Feniks, 1992. 232-248.

Gershenzon, M.O., and Viacheslav Ivanov. “A Corner-to-Corner Correspondence.” Russian Intellectual History: An Anthology. Ed. Marc Raeff. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1966. 372-401.

Georges Florovsky

Anderson, Paul B. “Georges Vasilievich Florovsky,: His American Career (1948-1965).” Greek Orthodox Theological Review 11.1 (Summer, 1965): 7-30.

Florovsky, G.V. Puti russkoe bogoslovie. Paris: YMCA Press, 1937.

—. Complete Works. New York: Northland, 1979.

Semen Frank

Frank, Semen L. S.L. Frank. Munich: (s.n.), 1954.

—. God With Us: Three Meditations, trans. Natalie Duddington. London: J. Cape, 1926.

—. Iz istorii russkoi filosofskoi mysli konsta 19: nachala 20 veka. Washington: Inter-Language Literature Association, 1965.

—. The Unknowable: An Ontological Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion, trans. Boris Jakim. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1983.

—. The Light Shineth in Darkness: An Essay in Christian Ethics and Social Philosophy, trans. Boris Jakim. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1989.

Ivan Ilyin

Il’in, I.A. Sobranie sochinenii. 2 Vols. Moscow: Russkaia kniga, 1993.

Poltoratzky, N.P. Ivan Aleksandrovich Il’in: Zhizn’, trudy, mirovozzrenie (Sbornik statei). Tenafly, NJ: Hermitage Press, 1989.

Poltoratzky, N.P. ed. Nashi zadachi (Ivan Il’in). Jordanville, NY: Holy Trinity Monastery and the Telex Corporation, 1991.

Mat’ Maria (Elizabeta Skobtsova)

Gakkel, Father Sergii. Mat’ Maria 1891-1945. Paris: YMCA Press, 1980.

Merezhkovsky & Gippius

Gippius, Zinaida. Dmitrii Merezhkovskii. Paris: YMCA-Press, 1951.

Pachmuss, Temira. D.S. Merezhkovsky in Exile : The Master of the Genre of Biographie Romancée. New York: P. Lang, 1990.

—. Women writers in Russian Modernism : An Anthology. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

—. Zinaida Hippius; An Intellectual Profile. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, c1971.

—. Intellect and Ideas in Action – Selected Correspondance of Z. Hippius. Munich: W. Fink, 1972.

Rosenthal, Bernice Glatzer. D.S. Merezhkovsky and the Silver Age: The Development of a Revolutionary Mentality. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1975.

Lev Shestov

Martin, Bernard, ed. A Shestov Anthology. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1970.

Moreva, L.M. Lev Shestov. Leningrad: Izdatel’stvo Leningradskogo universiteta, 1991.

Shestov, Lev. Sochinenii v dvukh tomakh. 2 Vols. Moscow: Nauka, 1993.

—. Izbrannye sochineniia. Moscow: Russkaia kniga, 1993.

—. Apofeoz bespochvennosti. Leningrad: Izdatel’stvo Leningradskogo universiteta, 1991.

—. Kirgegard i ekzistentsial’naia filosofiia. Moscow: Progress-Gnozis, 1992.

Vladimir Solovyov           

Cioran, Samuel D. Vladimir Solov’ev and the Knighthood of the Divine Sophia. Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1977.

Frank, Semen L., ed. The Vladimir Solovyov Anthology, trans. Natalie Duddington. London: S.C.M. Press, 1950.

Losev, A.F. Filosofiia, mifologi, kul’tura. Moscow: Politicheskaia literatura, 1991.

—. Vladimir Solov’ev i ego vremia. Moscow: Progress, 1990.

Solovyov, Vladimir. The Justification of the Good: An Essay on Moral Philosophy, trans. Nathalie Duddington. London: Constable & Co., Ltd., 1918.

—. The Meaning of Love, trans. Jane Marshall. London: Geoffrey Bles, 1945.

—. Sochineniia v dvukh tomakh, eds. A.F. Losev, and A.V. Gulyga. 2 Vols. Moscow: Mysl’, 1988.

—. Sochineniia v dvukh tomakh, ed. N.V. Kotrelev. Intro. V.F. Asmus. 2 Vols. Moscow: Pravda, 1989.

Feodor Stepun

Stepun, Feodor. Vergangens und Unvergängliches (The Fulfilled and the Unfulfilled). New York: Chekhov, 1956.

—. Encounters. Munich: (s.n.), 1962.

—. Theater und Film. Munich: (s.n.), 1953.

Peter Struve

Pipes, Richard. Struve: Liberal on the Left, 1870 – 1905. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.

—. Struve: Liberal on the Right, 1905-1944. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Frank, Semen L. Biografiia, P.B. Struve. New York: Chekhov Press, 1956.

Sergei N. Trubetskoy

Bohachevsky-Chomiak, Martha. S.N. Trubetskoi: An Intellectual Among the Intelligentsia. Belmont, Mass.: Nordland, 1976.

Vladimir Weidlé

Weidlé, Vladimir. Posle “Dvenadtsati.” Paris: YMCA Press, 1973.

—. Zadacha Rossi. Paris: YMCA Press, 1956.

—. Russia Absent and Present. New York: Vintage Books, 1961.

—. O poetakh i poezii. Paris: YMCA Press, 1973.

—. Bezymiannaia strana. Paris: YMCA Press, 1968.

Vasily Zenkovsky

Zenkovsky, Vasily. Apologetika. Paris: YMCA Press, 1957.

—. Das bild des Menschen in der Ost Kirche. Stuttgart: (s.n.), 1951.

—. Nasha epokha. Paris: YMCA Press, 1955.

—. Russkie mysliteli i Evropa. Paris: YMCA Press, 1955.

The Slavophiles and other 19th-Century Religious Philosophers

Aksakov, K.S., and I.S. Aksakov. Literaturnaia kritika. Moscow: Sovremennik, 1981.

Bolshakov, Serge. The Doctrine of the Unity of the Church in the Works of Khomyakov and Moehler. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1946.

Christoff, Peter. An Introduction to Nineteenth-Century Slavophilism. 4 Vols. The Hague: Mouton & Co. Pub., 1961.

Fedorov, N.F. Sochineniia, ed. A.V. Gulyga; Comp. and intro. S.G. Semenova. Moscow: Mysl’, 1982.

Khomiakov, A.S. Stikhotvoreniia i dramy, ed. B.F. Egorov. Leningrad: Sovetskii pisatel’, 1969.

Kireevskii, I.A. Filosofskoe nasledie, ed. Iu. V. Mann. Moscow: Mysl’ 1979-1983.

—. Izbrannye stat’i, ed. B.A. Kotel’nikov. Moscow: Mysl’, 1984.

Koshelov, V.A. Esteticheskie i literaturnye vozzreniia russkikh slavianofilov (1840-1850-e gody). Leningrad: Nauka: 1984.

Lomunov, K.N., ed. Literaturnye vzgliady i tvorchestvo slavianofil’stov, 1830-1850 godov. Moscow: Nauka, 1978.

L’vov, V.E. “Zagadochnyi starik: Povest’ -khronika.” Neva 5 (1974): 65-122.

Pazilova, V.P. Kriticheskii analiz religiozno-filosofskogo ucheniia N.F. Fedorova. Moscow: MGU Press, 1985.

Riasanovsky, Nicholas. Russia and the West in the Teaching of the Slavophiles. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1956.

Semenova, S.G. Nikolai Fedorov: Tvorchestvo i zhizn’. Moscow: Sovetskii pisatel’, 1990.

—. “Nikolai Fedorovich Fedorov (Zhizn’ i uchenie),” Prometei 11 Moscow: Moladaia gvardiia, 1977. 86-105.

Tsimbaev, N.I. Slavianofil’stvo: Iz istorii russkoi obshchestvenno-politicheskoi mysli XiX veka. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1986.

Walicki, Andrei. The Slavophile Controversy. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975.


Kelly, A.M. “Attitudes to the Individual in Russian Thought and Literature, with Special Reference to the Vekhi Controversy.” Diss. Oxford University, 1970.

Poltoratzky, N.P. “The Vekhi dispute and the Significance of Vekhi,” Canadian Slavic Review 9 (1967): 86-106.

Poltoratzky, N.P. “Lev Tolstoy and Vekhi.The Slavonic Review 42 (1963-64): 332-352.

Proskurinaia, B. & V. Alloi, “K istorii sozidaniia ‘Vekh’,” Minuvshee: Istoricheskii al’manakh. Vol. 11. Moscow-St. Petersburg: Atheneum Feniks, 1992. 249-291.

Read, C.J. Religion, Revolution and the Russian Intelligentsia from 1900-1912: The VEKHI Debate and Its Intellectual Background. London: Macmillan, 1979.

Schapiro, Leonard. “The Vekhi Group and the Mystique of Revolution,” The Slavonic Review 34 (1955-1956): 56-76.

Shatz, Marshall S. & Judith E. Zimmerman, trans. and eds. Vekhi: “Landmarks”. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.

Tompkins, Stuart. “Vekhi and the Russian Intelligentsia,” Canadian Slavonic Papers 2 (1957): 11-25.

E. French Personalism:

Devant la crise mondiale: manifest de Catholiques europeene séjournant en Amérique. New York: Éditions de la Maison Française, 1942.

Amato, Joseph. Mounier and Maritain: A French Catholic Understanding of the Modern World. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1975.

Aron, Raymond. Plaidoyer pour l’Europe décadente. Paris: Robert Laffont, 1977.

Baird, Catherine. “Religious Communism? Nicolai Berdyaev’s Contribution to Esprit’s Interpretation of Communism,” Canadian Journal of History/Annales canadiennes d’histoire 30 (April 1985): 29-47.

Bellescize, Diane de. Les Neuf sages de la Resistance. Paris: Plon, 1973.

Blumenson, Martin. The Vildé Affair. Boston: Houghton Mifflen Co, 1977.

du Bos, Charles. Approximations. Paris: Éditions Corrêa, 1924-38.

Cain, Seymour. Gabriel Marcel. London: Sheed & Ward, 1963.

Cocteau, Jean. Lettre à Jacques Maritain. Paris: Librairie Stock, 1926.

Conger, Yves. Dialogue between Christians. London: Geoffrey Chapman Ltd., 1966.

Craw, William & William Kidd, eds. French Writers and Politics 1936-1944. Glasgow: University of Glasgow Press, 1987.

Doering, Bernard E. Jacques Maritain and the French Catholic Intellectuals. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983.

Dunaway, John M., ed. Exiles and Fugitives: The Letters of Jacques and Raïssa Maritain, Allen Tate, and Caroline Gordon. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1992.

Ennis, David. “Toward Commitment: The Reorientation of French Social Thought in the 1930s.” Diss. Boston University, 1979.

Fumet, Stanislas. Histoire de Dieu dans ma vie: souvenirs choisis. Paris: Fayard, 1978.

Gide, André. Journals 1889-1945, trans., and Ed. Justin O’Brien. London: Secker & Warburg, 1949.

Hellman, John. Emmanuel Mounier and the New Catholic Left, 1930-1950. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.

—. The Knight-Monks of Vichy France. Montréal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1993.

—. “Personnalisme et fascisme,” Le personnalisme d’Emmanuel Mounier. Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1985.

Heurgon-Desjardins, Anne, ed. Paul Desjardins et les décades de Pontigny. Paris: Press Universitaires de France, 1964.

Jennings, Jeremy, ed. Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century France: Mandarins and Samurais. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1990.

Journet, Charles. L’Union des églises et le Christianisme Pratique. Paris: Grasset, 1927.

Judt, Tony. Past Imperfect, French Intellectuals, 1944-1956. Berkeley: U of California Press, 1992.

Kelly, Michael. Pioneer of the Catholic Revival: The Ideas and Influence of Emmanuel Mounier. London: Sheed & Ward, 1979.

Kernan, Julie. Our Friend Jacques Maritain: A Personal Memoir. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975.

Lindenberg, Daniel. Les années souterraines (1937-1947). Paris: Éditions la Découverte, 1990.

Lipiansky, Paul, and Bernard Rettanbach. Ordre et Démocratie, deux sociétés du pensée: de L’Ordre Nouveau au Club Jean-Moulin. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1967.

Loubet del Bayle, Jean-Louis. Les Non-conformistes des années 30. Paris: Éditions de Seuil, 1961.

Marcel, Gabriel. Être et avoir. Paris: Descl_é de Brouwer, 1935.

Maritain, Jacques. La personne et le bien commun. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1946.

—. Notebooks, trans. Joseph W. Evans. Albany, NY: Magi Books Inc., 1984.

—. Reponse à Jean Cocteau. Paris: Librairie Stock, 1926.

—. Raïssa’s Journal, trans. Joseph W. Evans. Albany, NY: Magi Books, Inc., 1974.

—. Humanisme intégral: problèmes temporals et spirituels d’une nouvelle chrétienté. Paris: F. Aubier, 1936.

Maritain, Jacques and Raïssa. Oeuvres Complete, 10 Vols. Freibourg, Suisse: Éditions Universitaire, 1982.

Maritain, Raïssa. Les grandes amitiés. Paris: Desclée de Brouwer, 1941.

Mounier, Emmanuel. Personalism, trans. Philip Mairet. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., 1952.

—. Mounier et sa génération, ed. Paulette Mounier-Leclercq. Paris: Éditions du seuil, 1956.

—. Oeuvres de Emmanuel Mounier, ed. Paulette Mounier-Leclercq. 4 Vols. Paris: Éditions de Seuil, 1961.

Paxton, Robert O. Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order, 1940-1955. New York: Knopf, 1972.

—. Parades and Politics in Vichy: The French Officer Corps under Marshall Pétain. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966.

Paxton, Robert O., and Michael R. Marrus. Vichy France and the Jews. New York: Basic Books, 1981.

Roy, Christian. “Alexandre Marc and the Personalism of L’Ordre Nouveau, 1920-1940.” M.A. Thesis. McGill University, 1987.

—. “Alexandre Marc et la Jeune Europe, 1904-1934: L’Ordre Nouveau et aux origines du Personnalisme.” Diss. McGill University, 1992.

Sternhell, Zeev. Ni droite ni gauche: L’idéologie fasciste en France. Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1983.

Suther, Judith. Raïssa Maritain: Pilgrim, Poet, Exile. New York: Fordham University Press, 1990.

Visser’t Hooft, Willem Adolf. Le mouvement oecuménique et la question radical. Paris: UNESCO, 1954.

Weber, Eugen. The Hollow Years: France in the 1930s. New York: Norton, 1994.

Winock, Michel. Histoire politique de la revue Esprit, 1930-1950. Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1975.

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