Peter Struve (1870-1944) – Economist and political thinker, Struve was largely responsible for introducing so-called “Legal” Marxism and may be considered the actual founder of the Russian Social Democratic Party (Marxists) from which both the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks originated.
Like Berdyaev and Bulgakov, Struve came to find Marxism insufficient and helped found the Constitutional Democratic Party (Kadets).
After the Russian Revolutions of 1917, Struve became involved in the Red Army activities opposing the Red Bolsheviks and left the country, thus he was not swept up in the expulsions of 1922.
He remained part of the Bratstvo until it dissolved, but had little involvement in the YMCA initiatives, outreach with other European intellectuals, and minimal interaction with his former colleagues.
His grandson is now editor-in-chief of the YMCA Press.
Pipes, Richard. Struve: Liberal on the Left, 1870 – 1905. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970 and Struve: Liberal on the Right, 1905-1944.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980.
Frank, Semen L. Biografiia, P.B. Struve. New York: Chekhov Press, 1956.
Main Wikipedia Site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Berngardovich_Struve
RSDLP (Russian Social Deocratic Labour Party) Wikipedia entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Congress_of_the_Russian_Social_Democratic_Labour_Party
Russian Presidential Library Entry on RSDLP http://www.prlib.ru/en-us/History/Pages/Item.aspx?itemid=824
Kadets (Constitutional Democratic Party) Wikipedia entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_Democratic_Party
Program of the Russian Constitutional Democratic (Kadet) Party, 1905 http://www.dur.ac.uk/a.k.harrington/kadprog.html
Whites & White Army Opposition to Bolsheviks after 1917 Wikipedia entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Army#Structure